Portal frames quiz

From SteelConstruction.info

Please answer the following 10 multiple choice questions, then click 'submit' to check the result. The pass mark for a CPD certificate is 8 out of 10, and you may retake the quiz as many times as you wish, but the questions will vary! Please note that one, two, three or all of the possible answers presented for each question may be right, and to gain a mark for that question all correct answers must be identified.

Good luck

Portal frames

When might the inside of a gable column be in compression?

When the gable is the leeward face of the building
When the wind direction is parallel to the gable
When there is a large internal pressure
When the gable is on the windward face of the building

What does an 'unrestrained' column imply?

No intermediate restraints to the inside flange can be provided
There is no stiffener at the connection
There are no side rails
The bracing is attached in a different bay

What is the primary objective for fire design if a portal frame is adjacent to a boundary?

To prevent loss of life
To prevent early collapse of the structure
To prevent fire spread to the adjoining property
To prevent the release of noxious fumes

How can second-order effects in portal frames be allowed for?

By using a second-order analysis
By amplifying the lateral loads
By using S355 steel
By down-rating member resistance by 10%

What best describes a portal frame structure?

Frames of simple construction
3-d continuous structures
Continuous frames in-plane, braced in the longitudinal direction
Continuous frames, braced in-plane

When should a portal frame be used for the gable frame?

When future extension is anticipated
For aesthetic reasons
To save weight
So that gable columns are not required

How is a moment-resisting base commonly detailed for the fire condition, if necessary?

With a thicker base plate
With more holding down bolts
Set into a pocket cast in the base
Provided with stiffeners

What is the primary function of an eaves haunch?

To facilitate a bolted connection
To increase the shear resistance at the support
To increase the bending resistance of the rafter section
To reduce deflections

Which of the following situations should be verified as an accidental combination of actions?

Snow removed from one roof slope
Snow accumulating behind a parapet
Snow on the roof if the altitude is above 150 m
Snow accumulating in a valley

If a member is not adequate when checking lateral-torsional buckling, what steps are effective in increasing the resistance?

Provide additional restraints
Reduce the spacing of the restraints
Select a larger and heavier member
Use higher grade steel